Rosh Hashanah, the Jewish New Year, begins at sundown on Monday evening, September 6 and ends at nightfall, Wednesday, September 8. Dip the apple in honey, hear the Shofar, and take in the awesomeness of the day.
As we prepare for this holiday I'm thinking about a teaching of the Rebbe who said that Rosh Hashanah is the time of the year when we are reminded how one person can improve the whole world.
On Rosh Hashanah, we celebrate the creation of Man, which took place five days after the Universe began. The human being was created different from all other species. Only the human being was created single, a unique individual who can and must bring the rest of creation to its fulfillment.
This is the foundation of our faith; the belief that each one of us has it in his or her power, regardless of wealth or position, to turn the world into a better place, a force for good rather than evil.
Each individual has the ability to produce this kind of harmony, thus following the Will of the Creator.
Each year, when we celebrate Rosh Hashanah, we are reminded of our ability. Each year, Rosh Hashanah gives us a resurgence of the strength needed to fulfill these goals. This is a time for rejuvenation and commitment. A time to clarify our sense of purpose and fulfillment.
Not just now, but forever. L'shana tova.
It’s that time of year, when all South Dakotans have their eyes on one thing: Spring. The winter with its crisp air, and peaceful whiteness, can also have a long uncomfortable side to it, which makes the upcoming spring even more appealing.
In nature, spring brings forth to the surface the natural forces which were hidden during the winter. Blossoms, and all forms of plant life, sprout anew.
A basic foundation of Chasidic philosophy is that everything we see and hear, indeed everything we encounter, must serve as a lesson for us individually in our lives and our behavior.
So when thinking of Passover, and the meaning of its spring season, it seems we can apply this concept to the human experience as well. We each know all too well that winter feeling, that state of apparent un-productivity in the life of a person. Those days or weeks that we are just feeling dull, and can’t seem to shake it off, or maybe we feel constrained by emotional baggage we carry, and see no way out of our metaphorical “winter.”
It’s times like these that we must remember that this state of “winter” can easily and suddenly be changed into “spring” - just as it happens in nature. And that yes, blossoms will very soon come forth.
We will become productive, energized, and hopeful again. Indeed, behind that dull feeling we may experience, is the power to reveal the potential renewal. It absolutely is there, beneath the wintery soil.
The Rebbe, Rabbi Menachem M. Schneerson taught that the significance of “springtime” in Jewish life is suggested by the festival of Pesach which we will soon be celebrating. As indicated in the Torah, “You are going forth (from Egypt) this day, in the month of spring.” For two hundred and ten years the children of Israel lived in Egypt, in physical and spiritual slavery, stagnating in the abominations of Egypt. It did not seem that there could be a revival of Jewish life. Yet, there came the Exodus in the middle of the spring, and the children of Israel were quite free, so free in fact that in a very short time they became worthy of receiving the Torah—the zenith and completeness of the entire universe.
This idea, to move from a “winter” - a time of relatively less productivity, to “spring,” is one we can apply in our personal lives. It is also something we very much look forward to at Chabad as a community, as we begin to explore ways of springing forward and expanding our operation in Sioux Falls and across the state.
It will be a journey we are excited to be taking with all of you. There are many good things to come!
Mussie joins me in wishing you and your family a Kosher and Happy Passover, with good health, peace and happiness, and that we all merit the true meaning and celebration of Passover, also known as “a time of freedom” – free from all worries, concerns and personal limitations.
We are all familiar with the Chanukah story, how the Maccabees heroically fought for their religious freedom and the miraculous discovery of the single flask of oil that miraculously burned in the Menorah for eight days and nights. But let's zoom in (no pun intended) to get a deeper understanding of the significance of what happened then.
The occupying Assyrian Greeks were cool with the Jews retaining their unique lifestyle, based on historical traditions and cultural preferences, as long as it was not divine dogma.
You claim you need a day of rest each week, that’s fine, but don’t call it the Holy Shabbat. You enjoy studying biblical wisdom, our pleasure, but quit insisting it’s prophecy from G-d and the blueprint of existence. View Torah as a parallel wisdom to the progressive greek philosophy and culture, they argued. Only then can we co-exist.
Precisely this warped and dangerous attitude is what the Maccabees heroically fought against.
We didn’t want to be Greeks, we wanted to be Jews. Neither did we just want to “do our thing” because this is what our parents and grandparents did. We were doing it because we understood its truth, and even more importantly, because we recognized its holiness, and its G-dliness; the elements that make our way of life uniquely Jewish.
And the tide was turned by a small yet determined group of people, the Maccabees. They knew they had the truth on their side, and nothing at all could stand in their way. The truth remains the truth even when it’s unpopular.
With this in mind we can also appreciate the deeper significance of the Maccabees’ search for ritually pure oil to illuminate the Menorah in the newly dedicated Temple.
The Greeks knew that the Jews were particular to use oil that was ritually pure, sealed with the seal of the High Priest. The particular laws defining ritual purity and impurity are admittedly illogical and flies in the face of the enlightened and Hellenistic culture they were trying to impose on the Jews. Therefore, they ensured that not one flask of oil remained ritually pure in the Temple. Light the beautiful lamp, they said, but stop buying into the “ritual purity” hocus pocus.
But when the Macabees reconquered the Temple and rededicated it, it was specifically the ritually pure oil they searched for. Their entire revolt was premised on the eternal relevance of G-d’s supra rational laws epitomised by the ritual purity of the Holy Temple, and they insisted on using only ritually pure oil to light the Menorah, and the rest is history.
So the message for us is clear. Even while we are blessed to live in a free society, we can still be Maccabees today. We observe Shabbat because it is a Holy day, given to us by G-d. And we study and live by the Torah, because it is the word of G-d, given to us at the revelation at Mt. Sinai; handed down and preserved from generation to generation. Each time we do these things, we have our personal victories against the forces in our lives that seek to extinguish the beauty and holiness of our Jewish past, present and future.
Why is this year different than all other years?
Sounds a bit like Passover… but it's actually already Rosh Hashanah and we are still grappling with the realities of Coronavirus.
And as we deal with these new realities, some of us may be celebrating the holiday and participating in socially distanced services, while others may even be praying alone.
This reminded me of Chanah, who Scripture tells us also prayed alone, while standing distant from others. In fact, her prayer has inspired the prayers of Jews throughout the generations and is read at the Rosh Hashanah service each year.
On its face, there doesn't seem to be anything too remarkable about what she did. She was pained by her childlessness, and went to the Holy Site to pray.
But in reality, by her actions that day, Chanah displayed the true power of Jewish prayer; she sought to alter not only the physics of nature, but the very nature of theology itself.
To Chanah, a sincere prayer would have the power to break down boundaries. Any boundaries.
So she didn't just ask for a child, she also asked that he be righteous. There goes the limitations and restrictions of nature, asking that a barren woman give birth, and there goes the fundamental principle of free choice, asking that the child be truly righteous.
This is why her prayer is the best blueprint for our prayers and why it plays such an important role in the Rosh Hashanah service. It tells us that nothing is beyond our reach, if we only try hard enough and reach out to G-d with sincerity.
No matter how bleak the odds may seem or how distant that goal, we have the ability to reach it and excel.
So regardless of where you pray this Rosh Hashanah, whether alone at home, or in a socially distanced service, let us each pray for a good year, a year of good health for ourselves, our friends, our city, state and country, and indeed all of humanity.
Mussie joins me in wishing you all a wonderful Rosh Hashanah! May our homes very soon overflow with friends again. May our year overflow with success and accomplishments. May our hearts overflow with happiness. And may we all be inscribed for a good, healthy, and sweet new year.
This evening we will be starting the two day holiday of Shavuos, celebrating the giving of the Torah by G-d, to the Jewish people at Mt. Sinai, 3332 years ago.
Since that day when we all stood at Sinai, we have studied and cherished this greatest gift. The Torah is everlasting, and as our guide for life it provides us each with clear meaning and purpose. Each year on Shavuos we accept the Torah once again.
When G-d was about to give the Torah, He wanted to know who would be its guarantors? Who would ensure that it would be studied and fulfilled, and transmitted from generation to generation and not just lost and forgotten. The Sages, the Priests, the scholars and wise men, all committed to ensuring its eternity. But G-d was not convinced. Not until Moses said that the children would guarantee its fulfillment and continuation.
So as we celebrate Shavuos from home this year, and re-accept this greatest gift from G-d, let us each commit to studying a bit more Torah, and ensuring its continuation for further generations. If we study and teach it, our children will guarantee it.
You know those holidays that take over the town? They’re in the news and in stores; public officesclose and public officials make celebratory statements.
But what about a special day on your personal calendar? It could be a private anniversary or the day you overcame a personal struggle. You look forward to the day, your heart swells with joy and pride, yet to the world it’s just another random day.
The Jewish people have such a day. In fact, it is the day on which we became a people. The day is Shavuot, on which, 3,332 years ago, G-d came down onto Mount Sinai and gave us His holiest gift, the Torah, His master plan for the universe, the purpose of creation, and our purpose in this world was given to us on that day.
In these challenging times, with the world as we know it so suddenly changed and shaken up, tuning in to these personal moments and private celebrations become more important than ever.
This Shavuot will be celebrated differently than any we have ever had. There will be no gatherings to hear the Torah reading, no communal studying until dawn, and no cheesecake parties. But it is still Shavuot, and the essence of the holiday remains as true as ever.
Our lives on a public scale have been slowed down, and those private interactions and deeply personal events take on new meaning as we each learn to celebrate and be thankful for the blessings in our lives.
Let’s each take the time to truly celebrate Shavuot this year, to tune into our relationship with G-d and feel the greatest of blessings He’s given us, the ability to connect with Him and feel His presence in our day-to-day lives, no matter how turbulent. And let us pray that G-d quickly brings as end to this global pandemic, healing all those suffering, and protecting the wonderful doctors and nurses standing on the front lines.
Wishing you a Happy Shavuot, and a Happy “Receiving of the Torah.”
Passover begins this evening. And we will celebrate it for the 3332nd time. But this year will be different.
For the first time in our lives my wife and I will be having a Seder alone just with our daughters, without the company of other friends or family. And we are sure you are also having your Seder on your own.
But the truth is, we are not alone. None of us are ever alone. We are always in the presence of Almighty G-d and connected with each other through our shared history, faith and humanity.
So as we ask the four questions this evening, let us also ask our Father in Heaven why He made this night different from all others, and beg Him to bring an end to this global pandemic, healing all those suffering, and protection to all the wonderful doctors and nurses standing on the front line.
The Seders this Passover will be remarkably similar to the first Passover Seder our ancestors had on the eve of their Exodus from Egypt, when they were instructed to remain in their homes, and each have a Seder on their own. Just as G-d delivered His people then, let us pray that He brings deliverance to all people this Passover season.
Mussie joins me in wishing you and your family a Kosher and Happy Passover, with good health, peace and happiness, and may we all merit the true meaning and celebration of Passover, also known as “a time of freedom” – free from all worries, concerns and personal limitations.
The months of Adar and Nissan are packed with Jewish holidays and history. At Chabad
we strive to ensure that every member of the Jewish community has an opportunity to
participate and feel welcome experiencing our sacred heritage. We look forward to inviting you to our Purim and Passover celebrations.
On Purim we commemorate the overturning of the plot by the wicked King Ahasuerus and his viceroy Hamman to annihilate us. We celebrate by reading Esther’s Megillah, hosting a festive dinner, sharing gifts of food with friends and giving charity to the poor. This year we invite you to join us for a “Purim in the Shtetl ‘’ themed celebration, featuring our own Klezmer band.
And just four weeks later we will be celebrating Passover. In Jewish homes across the country and around the world, families and friends will gather around the Seder table, the same way we have been doing it for more than 3,500 years since our Exodus from Egypt. It was at that very moment when we became an essentially and completely free people, with our only subservience being to G-d Himself. Today in America, we are free citizens, able to live as proud Jews. But perhaps we may be confined by our personal Egypts, those barriers, often artificial, that stand between us and our indulging in Jewish experiences. What better way to celebrate this Passover, than by experiencing true Jewish
freedom and committing to do another good mitzvah deed, strengthening the link in our chain of Jewish tradition and ensuring its continuity for future generations.
The work that we do in South Dakota mirrors what Chabad does in thousands of other centers across America and in another 100+ countries. Just a few weeks ago, world Jewry marked 70 years since the Rebbe, Rabbi Menachem M. Schneerson assumed to the leadership of the Chabad movement on the 10th of Shevat, 1950.
At the core of his teachings, is the idea that this world is truly G-ds home, and each human being here on earth is personally tasked with making it feel so. In the ensuing seven decades, the Rebbe’s one time radical and urgent message of meaning and moral purpose has become increasingly mainstream.
Today there is not a Jewish community in the world that has not been positively impacted by the Rebbe’s teachings. Even now during the Coronavirus, the only Rabbi still in China, faithfully serving the needs of the local community, Rabbi Sholom Greenberg who together with his wife and children run Chabad in Shanghai.
So as we sit at our Seder tables this year and read the passage of Rabbi Elazar Ben Azarya “I am like 70 years old” let us infuse our life and Jewish observance with the vibrance and meaning the Rebbe began teaching us seventy years ago, allowing us each to fully live our own personal Exodus and even experience a taste of the future redemption.
Next week we will be celebrating Chanukah. We are familiar with the story of Chanukah and the subsequent Miracle of Lights which we commemorate by lighting the Menorah. But as we take a look at this holiday, we quickly realize that the victory of the Maccabees over their Greek oppressors constitutes the first victory for religious freedom in recorded history.
What the Greeks sought to do was have the Jews forget who they were. They wanted to make us abandon our traditions and practices, and have us forget they were divinely inspired and carried forth from generation to generation. But despite the hardships, we prevailed. Judaisim thrived.
Today we are lucky to live in America. In a benevolent society where our rights to practice Judaism are protected, respected and guaranteed. There has arguably never been a better time to be alive as a Jew than in America today where we have the opportunities of education, liberty and prosperity. But at this wonderful time of freedom, we must remember to cherish our Judaism as well.
We have held onto our religion, values and traditions for so long. We must continue to do so now. Let us live as proud Jews.
One lesson the Menorah lights teaches us is that we must each constantly increase in our goodness and kindness. What we did yesterday is insufficient for today. If we did one mitzvah yesterday, today we must do two. There is no limit to the goodness we can add to the world and those around us.
So this year as we light the Menorah, let us commit ourselves to live as better Jews by adding one additional light of mitzvah goodness each day. This Jewish holiday, like all others, is about much more than “they tried to kill us, we won, lets eat!” in fact, it's probably time we reword that: They tried to kill us, we won, lets live!
Like most people, I can tell you exactly where I was when I heard the news on September 11, 2001. Our school teacher told us there was a hijacking and that airplanes had crashed into the Twin Towers. In my youthful naiveté, it was hard for me to fathom how people can be so evil as to turn passenger jets into weapons of death. It was an uncomfortable and demoralizing thought. One I still think of often.
This year, 9/11 coincides with the Jewish New Year holiday of Rosh Hashanah which begins on the eve of September 9 and continues until sundown on September 11. (The Jewish holidays follow a unique lunar/solar calendar, hence each year they occur on a different day on the Gregorian calendar).
The universal message of Rosh Hashanah reminds us that any one single person can improve the whole world. This is the antidote to the outrageous evil that was unleashed on September 11, and serves as a preventative for the future.
Rosh Hashanah commemorates Creation. More specifically, it commemorates the creation of Adam, the first man and ancestor of all human beings. As the Bible records, during six days G-d created minerals, plant life, animals, the solar system and, finally, late on the sixth day, the final “working day” before the day of rest on the seventh, He formed the Human Being, Adam.
He was created alone.
Planets, plants, and animals all need many of their kind to fulfill their purpose. Only us human beings, each individually have, within our unique selves, the power to fulfill our purpose and make a profound impact and change the world around us for the good.
It is only the human being who G-d granted the free choice to do that. Only the human being, created alone, is the force that can and must bring the rest of creation to its fulfillment.
The Rebbe, Rabbi Menachem M. Schneerson, taught that this is the foundation of our faith; the belief that each one of us has it within his or her power, regardless of wealth or position, to transform this world into a better place. To be a force for good rather than evil.
As we honor the memories of those who perished in the terror attacks on September 11, and pray for the brave men and women of the US Armed Forces defending our freedoms, let us take to heart and act upon this valuable lesson. If so few individuals could cause such destruction and loss, all it takes is one individual to perpetuate goodness; causing a ripple effect to change the entire world for good.
No need to look around for volunteers. You and I have been nominated to accomplish this by dint of our existence.
On Rosh Hashanah G-d judges not only the Jewish people, but all mankind, and indeed all of His creations. As I pray this year, and blow the Shofar, I will think of all my fellow citizens across the great state of South Dakota, to be inscribed and sealed in the book of life for a year of health, happiness, peace and prosperity.
Rabbi Mendel Alperowitz
Serving the spiritual needs of the South Dakota Jewish community. Based in Sioux Falls and travels the state.